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Army’s Modular Force Transformation On Track

The Army is currently in the midst of extensive modular force transformation, one of the most significant restructuring efforts that the service has seen since World War II. According to a recent GAO report, mandated annually by Congress, the Army’s most recent modular force report generally met requirements and provided more thorough information to lawmakers than reports of previous years. In analyzing the Army’s report against the legislative requirements, the GAO found that the report fully addressed nine of the 14 legislative requirements and partially addressed the other five.

The requirements that were fully addressed were:

  • Description of the Army’s progress in fulfilling the requirements for key enabler equipment for modular units
  • Description of the Army’s progress in repairing/recapitalizing materiel used in support of overseas contingency operations
  • Assessment of the Army’s key enabler equipment and personnel
  • Inclusion in the aforementioned assessment of a comparison of authorized level of equipment, level of equipment on hand, and planned equipment purchases
  • Comparison of authorized and actual key personnel levels
  • Inclusion of an identification of any shortfalls indicated in the aforementioned comparisons
  • Assessment of the number and type of key enabler equipment the Army projects will require repair or replacement by the end of the time covered by the FYDP
  • Inclusion of results of Army assessments of modular force capabilities
  • Description of development status of doctrine on how modular combat, functional, and support forces will train, be sustained, and fight


The requirements addressed in part were:

  • Itemization of report information by active duty and reserve components
  • Identification of risks associated with equipment and personnel shortfalls
  • Identification of shortfall mitigation strategies
  • Inclusion of a schedule to accomplish repair/recapitalization of material used in support of overseas contingency operations
  • Inclusion of comments from the Chiefs of the National Guard Bureau and the Army Reserve on each of the requirements


In the past, the Army has faced challenges in creating a results-oriented plan, developing realistic cost estimates, and planning comprehensive assessments,” according to the GAO report. As the modular force restructuring continues, progress has been made in creating a results-oriented plan, but challenges still remain in the areas of developing realistic cost estimates and planning comprehensive assessments.

As the Army moves forward with its force redesign, realistic cost estimates for such elements as construction, personnel relocation and training would be beneficial in weighing competing priorities, particularly in a tight budget environment, and better inform Congress to evaluate funding requests. In addition, a comprehensive assessment plan with outcome-oriented metrics to evaluate progress would help leadership identify shortfalls and mitigate the associated risk.

Last modified on Thursday, 24 April 2014 14:19
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